Review of initiatives to assess and secure the land tenure rights of communities in Northern Cameroon
In Northern Cameroon, land tenure insecurity stemming from the multiplicity of claims to land has implications for the sustainability of production systems, and it adversely affects disadvantaged groups such as women, migrants, and transhumant herders, among others. Despite a considerable number of initiatives to secure land rights, these remain insufficient due to their strong dependent on external funding and due to the weight of social traditions. Recommendations for effective land tenure include consideration for regulatory and legislative approaches, for land use planning and for the capacity building of local actors with respect to land security, gender mainstreaming and the inclusion of minorities.
This report is based on an analysis of secondary data, as well as on surveys and interviews with stakeholders of land-related issues, and field observations. It comprises three sections. First, it describes land use patterns for various actors and the threats to their land rights. The second part analyses the mechanisms employed to secure the land and land uses of the various actors, as well as their strengths and weaknesses. Lastly, it formulates recommendations for practices to secure land access and use, and strengthen land tenure security in the legal framework.